Charles R. Marshall

Charles R. Marshall

Professor

Email: crmarshall@berkeley.edu
Phone:
Lab Webpage: http://ib.berkeley.edu/labs/marshall

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Research Description

I am broadly interested in how paleontology can inform our understanding of the history of life, and the processes that control it.  My research often takes advantage of data from genomics, molecular phylogenies, developmental biology, and functional studies.  Much of my work also involves the development of new tools or ways of knowing.  Current projects in my group center on: understanding how biodiversity changes on geologic timescales, and on how molecular phylogenetic data and the fossil record might be used synergistically to understand the processes responsible for changes in diversity; the calibration of molecular clocks; and, the import of new genomic data on our understanding of the Cambrian explosion.  Graduate students are encouraged to develop their own research projects, and to take maximum advantage of depth of talent that characterizes the UCMP, Integrative Biology and the Berkeley campus.

Selected Publications

Nagalingum, N.S., C.R. Marshall, T.B. Quental, H.S. Rai, D.P. Little and S. Mathews.  2011. Recent Synchronous Radiation of a Living Fossil. Science  (in press).

Quental, T.B. and C.R. Marshall. 2011.  The molecular phylogenetic signature of clades in decline. PLoS ONE 6(10): e25780. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025780.

Barnosky, A.D., N. Matzke, S. Tomiya, G.O.U. Wogan, B. Swartz, T.B. Quental, C.R. Marshall, J.L. McGuire, E.L. Lindsey, K.C. Maguire, B. Mersey and E.A. Ferrer.  2011. Has the Earth’s sixth mass extinction already arrived?  Nature 471: 51–57.

Roger, V., C.D. Bell, R. Macniven, B. Goldman-Huertas, R.H. Ree, C.R. Marshall, S. Balint, K. Johnson, D. Benyamini, and N. Pierce.  2011. Phylogeny and palaeoecology of Polyommatus blue butterflies show Beringia was a climate-regulated gateway to the New World. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 278 (on line).

Marshall, C.R.  2010.  Using confidence intervals to quantify the uncertainty in the end-points of stratigraphic ranges.  In: Quantitative Methods in Paleobiology, J. Alroy and G. Hunt (eds.). The Paleontological Society Papers 16: 291–316. 

Liow, L.H., T.B. Quental, and C.R. Marshall.  2010. When can decreasing diversification rates be detected with molecular phylogenies and the fossil record?  Systematic Biology 59: 646–659.

Marshall, C.R.  2010.  Marine biodiversity dynamics over deep time.  Science 329: 1156–1157.

Quental, T.B. and C.R. Marshall. 2010.  Diversity dynamics:  molecular phylogenies need the fossil record.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25: 434-441.

Quek, S.-P., B.A. Counterman, P. Albuquerque de Moura, M.Z. Cardoso, C.R. Marshall, W.O. McMillan, and M.R. Kronforst.  2010. Dissecting comimetic radiations in Heliconius reveals divergent histories of convergent butterflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA104: 7134–7138.

Marshall, C.R.  and J.W. Valentine.  2010.  The importance of preadapted genomes in the origin of the animal bodyplans and the Cambrian explosion.  Evolution 64: 1189-1201.

Marshall, C.R.  2010.  The Next 150 Years:  Towards a Richer Theoretical Biology.  In:  Evolution After Darwin: the First 150 Years, M.A. Bell, M.A., W.F. Eanes, W.F., D.J. Futuyma, D.J., Levinton, J.S. (eds.).  Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA. 

Schmidtling, R.C. and C.R. Marshall. 2010.  Three dimensional structure and fluid flow through the hydropsire of the blastoid echinoderm, Pentremites rusticus.  Journal of Paleontology 84: 109–117.

Quental T.B., and C.R. Marshall. 2009.  Extinction during evolutionary radiations:  reconciling the fossil record with molecular phylogenies.  Evolution63: 3158–3167.

Marshall, C.R., and D.K. Jacobs.  2009.  Flourishing after the end-Permian mass extinction (Perspective).  Science 325: 1079–1080.

Roberts, D.L., and C.R. Marshall.  2009.  Are higher taxa described earlier or later than expected by chance?  Systematics and Biodiversity 7(3): 243–247.

Wilson, J.P., A.H. Knoll, N.M. Holbrook, C.R. Marshall.  2008.  Modeling fluid flow in Medullosa, an anatomically unusual Carboniferous seed plant. Paleobiology 34(4): 472–493.

Alroy, J., M. Aberhan, D.J. Bottjer, M. Foote, F.T. Fürsich, P. J. Harries, A.J. W. Hendy, S.M. Holland, L.C. Ivany, W. Kiessling, M.A. Kosnik, C.R. Marshall, A.J. McGowan, A.I. Miller, T.D. Olszewski, M.E. Patzkowsky, S.E. Peters, L. Villier, P. J. Wagner, N. Bonuso, P.S. Borkow, B. Brenneis, M.E. Clapham, L.M. Fall, C.A. Ferguson, V.L. Hanson, A.Z. Krug, K.M. Layou, E.H. Leckey, S. Nürnberg, C.M. Powers, J.A. Sessa, C. Simpson, A. Tomasovych, C.C. Visaggi.  2008.  Phanerozoic trends in the global diversity of marine invertebrates.  Science: 321: 97–100. 

Marshall, C.R.  2008.  A simple method for bracketing absolute divergence times on molecular phylogenies using multiple fossil calibration points. The American Naturalist 171(6): 726-742.

Ramírez, S.R., B. Gravendeel,  R.B. Singer, C.R. Marshall, N.E. Pierce.  2007.  Dating the origin of the Orchidaceae from a fossil orchid with its pollinator.  Nature 448: 1042–1045.

Markey, M.J., and C.R. Marshall.  2007.  Terrestrial-style feeding in a very early aquatic tetrapod:  evidence from experimental analysis of suture morphology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104: 7134–7138.

Lu, P., M. Yogo, C.R. Marshall.  2006.  Phanerozoic marine biodiversity dynamics in light of the incompleteness of the fossil record.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103: 2736-2739.

Marshall, C.R.  2006.  Explaining the Cambrian “explosion” of animals.  Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 34: 355-384. 

Marshall, C.R.  2005. Comment on “Abrupt and gradual extinction among Late Permian land vertebrates in the Karoo Basin, South Africa”.  Science308: 1413b.

Bush, A.M., M.J. Markey, and C.R. Marshall.  2004.  Alpha, beta, gamma:  the effects of spatially organized biodiversity on sampling-standardization.  Paleobiology 30: 666-686.

Wang, S. C., and C.R. Marshall.  2004.  Improved confidence intervals for estimating the position of a mass extinction boundary.  Paleobiology 30: 5-18.

Tavaré S., C.R. Marshall, O. Will, C. Soligo, R.D. Martin.  2002.  Using the fossil record to estimate the age of the last common ancestor of extant primates.  Nature 416: 726-729.

Shubin, N.H.,  and C.R. Marshall.  2000.   Fossils, genes, and the origin of novelty.  Paleobiology Supplement to 26(4):  324-340.

Marshall, C.R.  1999.  Missing links in the history of life.  In:  Evolution:  Facts and Fallacies (J.W. Schopf, ed.)  Academic Press. pp.37-69.

Marshall, C.R.  1999.  Fossil gap analysis supports early Tertiary origin of trophically diverse avian orders: Comment.  Geology 27(1):95.

Weiss, R.E., and Marshall, C.R.  1999.  The uncertainty in the true end point of a fossil's stratigraphic range when stratigraphic sections are sampled discretely.  Mathematical Geology  31(4):435-453.

Marshall, C.R.  1997.  Confidence intervals on stratigraphic ranges with non-random distributions of fossil horizons.  Paleobiology  23:165-173.

Wayne, R.K., E. Geffen, D. J. Girman, K. P. Koepfli, L. M. Lau, and C. R. Marshall.  1997.  Molecular systematics of the Canidae.  Systematic Biology 46(4):622-653.

Marshall, C.R. and P.D. Ward.  1996.  Sudden and gradual molluscan extinctions in the latest Cretaceous in western European Tethys.  Science274:1360-1363.

Marshall, C.R.  1995.  Distinguishing between sudden and gradual extinctions in the fossil record:  Predicting the position of the Cretaceous-Tertiary iridium anomaly using the ammonite fossil record on Seymour Island, Antarctica.  Geology 23:731-734.

Marshall, C.R.  1995.  Darwinism in an age of molecular revolution.  In:  Evolution and the Molecular Revolution (C.R. Marshall and J.W. Schopf, eds.)  Jones and Bartlett, Sudbury, Massachusetts. pp. 1-30.

Hirsch, A.M., H.I. McKhann, A. Reddy, J. Liao, Y. Fang, and C.R. Marshall.  1995.  Assessing horizontal transfer of nifHDK genes in Eubacteria:  nucleotide sequence of nifK from Frankia strain HFPCcI3.  Molecular Biology and Evolution  12(1):16-27.

Marshall, C.R.  1994.  Molecular approaches to echinoderm phylogeny with an emphasis on class relationships.  Echinoderms Through Time. (B. David, A. Guille, J.-P. Féral, & M. Roux eds.) A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.  pp.63-71.

Marshall, C.R., E.C. Raff, and R.A. Raff.  1994.  Dollo's law and the death and resurrection of genes.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA  91:12283-12287.

Marshall, C.R. 1992. Character analysis and the integration of molecular and morphological data in an understanding of sand dollar phylogeny.Molecular Biology and Evolution 9(2): 309-322.

Marshall, C.R. 1992. Substitution bias, weighted parsimony, and amniote phylogeny as inferred from 18S rRNA sequences. Molecular Biology and Evolution 9(2):370-373.

Marshall, C.R., and H.-P. Schultze. 1992.  Relative importance of molecular, neontological and paleontological data in understanding the biology of the vertebrate invasion of land. Journal of Molecular Evolution 35:93-101.

Marshall, C.R., and H. Swift. 1992.  DNA-DNA hybridization phylogeny of sand dollars and highly reproducible extent of hybridization values. Journal of Molecular Evolution  34:31-44.

Marshall, C.R. 1990. The fossil record and estimating divergence times between lineages: Maximum divergence times and the importance of reliable phylogenies. Journal of Molecular Evolution 30:400-408.  

Marshall, C.R. 1990. Confidence intervals on stratigraphic ranges. Paleobiology 16:1-10.

Marshall, C.R. 1988.  A large, well preserved, specimen of the Middle Pennsylvanian lungfish Conchopoma edesi (Osteichthyes:  Dipnoi) from Mazon Creek, Illinois. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 8:383-394.