Review questions: Evolution (IB 160) Midterm 2001


Define the following terms:

  1. Compare the following species concepts: Evolutionary, Biological, Phylogenetic.
  2. Genes are the quantum level of heredity. They can be viewed in several ways which have different implications and uses. Name the three "types" of genes discssed in lecture and their limitations/implications.
  3. What effect do metapopulations have on overall genetic diversity? What other phenomena can lead to similar observations?
  4. Briefly compare and contrast the Essentialist view of species with that of the Nominalist view of species.
  5. Name two ways that variation can arise, and two ways which it is maintained.
  6. What is the strength of a phylogenetic perspective
  7. Define Fitness.
  8. Contrast horizontal and vertical transmission
  9. What are the assumptions of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?
  10. What are some ways in which recombination can be considered evolutionary "advantageous?", disadvantageous?
  11. What are some evolutionary causes for changes in gene frequencies in populations? What sorts of changes do they lead to?
  12. What do Fis, FIT, FST measure? How are they related conceptually and mathematically to 1. Each other and 2. Heterozygosity?